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Bruno, Giordano (1548–1600)

Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


Italian Renaissance philosopher, born at Nola. Influenced by Hermetic writings, Bruno developed a version of pantheism that he combined with Greek atomism. He held that the universe is infinite in extent and diversity, but united in the One and identical with God. He also defended the Copernican theory of heliocentricity. His unorthodox views, in particular his works on magic, led to his arrest in 1592 by the Inquisition. He was condemned as a heretic and was burned to death on the Campo de'Fiori in Rome. His major works include On the Infinite Universe and Worlds (1584), On Cause, Principle and Unity (1584), and On Heroic Enthusiasms (1585). He has been regarded as a martyr, and his philosophy of nature exerted influence on seventeenth-century cosmology and metaphysics. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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