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Bacon, Roger (c.1215–c.1292)

Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


English medieval philosopher, scientist, and theologian, born in Somerset, taught in Oxford and Paris. Bacon's rejection of Aristotelian thought and his project for a unified science based on mathematics and experiment anticipated developments in early modern science, but he held that philosophy, mathematics, and the study of language were most importantly devoted to theology and gaining knowledge of God. He held that the role of reason was to formulate hypotheses that could be confirmed only by experimental methods. His major work is Opus Maius (1267). ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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