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being qua being


Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


Extract

M etaphysics, ancient G reek philosophy Aristotle 's term for the subject-matter of metaphysics, in which qua being specifies the aspect of being to be treated. Mathematicians deal with number qua number, namely, the numerical character of number. Philosophers are concerned with being qua being by investigating things with respect to the nature of their being. Since Aristotle divided being into many categories, being qua being deals with being in each category. Ontology , as the science of being qua being, considers how each of these categories can be a kind of being and how different senses of beings are related to each other. A study of being qua being does not involve questions of content but addresses only the nature of being itself. Therefore it is a universal science, contrasted with the special sciences that study distinct classes of being. Because according to the focal meaning pattern all senses of being are related to substance, the study of substance (ousiology) is the chief and central subject-matter of the science of being qua being. Aristotle's description of being qua being is ambiguous, giving rise to several major disputes, for example concerning whether being qua being can be reduced to substance and concerning how the science of being qua being can be connected to theology – Aristotle's other account of the subject-matter of metaphysics. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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