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Camus, Albert (1913–60)

Subject Philosophy

People Camus, Albert

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


French existentialist philosopher and novelist, born in Mondovi, Algeria. The central theme of Camus's writing is that human existence is absurd. The world is meaningless, and there is no metaphysical guarantee of the validity of human values. The problem of suicide is the focus of his most influential philosophical work, The Myth of Sisyphus (1943). His early value-nihilism was replaced by a humanistic ethic in his second philosophical work, The Rebel (1951).His existentialist novels include The Outsider (1942), The Plague (1947), and The Fall (1956). In 1957 Camus was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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