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Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881)

Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


Scottish historian, critic, philosopher of culture, and political thinker, born in Ecclefechan. Carlyle conceived history in terms of biography, especially the biography of the heroes of an age, and understood biography in terms of critical moral assessment. His cultural criticism rejected the mechanical understanding of nineteenth-century materialist, democratic, industrial society and sought deeper personal and cultural self-understanding. Among his major works are Sartor Resartus (1833–4), History of the French Revolution (1837), and On Heroes, Hero Worship, and the Heroic in History (1840). ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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