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Chomsky, Noam (1928–)

Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


American theorist of linguistics, philosopher of language and mind, and political thinker, born in Philadelphia, Professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Chomsky radically altered the development of theoretical linguistics by introducing transformational and generative grammar and by claiming that our acquisition and use of language shows that the human mind has innate genetically given linguistic features. In keeping with a program of minimalism, his later linguistic writings have sought to reduce a range of transformational rules to a single abstract transformational principle. His work has deeply influenced philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and cognitive science. His major works include Syntactic Structures (1957), Cartesian Linguistics (1966), Knowledge of Language (1986), Deterring Democracy (1992), and Language and Thought (1993). ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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