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Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106–43 bc)

Subject Philosophy

People Cicero

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


Roman philosopher and orator, born at Arpinum in Latium. His writings include the Academica , De finibus , Tusculan Disputations , De fato , De Officiis ( On Duties ), De Re Publica ( On the State ), and De Legibus ( On the Laws ). Cicero sought to make Greek philosophy available to Latin speakers and was the creator of philosophical vocabulary in Latin. He was a trained Academic skeptic, but was inclined toward Stoicism in moral philosophy. His writings show the influence of Stoicism, Epicurus, and Skepticism. His exposition of the Stoic concepts of natural law and justice greatly influenced Roman law. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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