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Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


A ncient G reek philosophy, philosophy of mind [Greek, intelligence, mind, thinking, reasoning, from the verb dianoeisthai ] A term used in different related ways. First, dianoia is mind or thinking in general, in contrast to body ( soma ). Secondly, it is thought or intelligence, divided by Aristotle according to whether it is concerned with study ( theoria ), with production ( techne ), and with action ( phronesis ). Thirdly, it is rational understanding or discursive thinking, in contrast to intuitive thinking ( nous or noesis ). Fourthly, in Plato 's simile of the line, it is the state of mind that is concerned with mathematical entities, that reasons from hypothesis, and that reaches conclusions with the aid of the sensible objects rather than reasoning from unhypothetical first principles. “When dianoia is concerned with study, not with action or production, its good or bad state consists in being true or false.” Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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