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fallacy of secundum quid

Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


L ogic [Latin, derived from Greek para to pe , in a certain aspect] The fallacy of neglecting qualification, which trades on the mistaken idea that what is true with certain qualifications is also true without them. It is always identified with the fallacy of accident , which applies a general principle or rule with-out regard to the specific aspects of the circumstances of its application. Secundum quid has an additional form, which generalizes a rule from one instance that may be atypical or exceptional. In this form it is the fallacy of hasty generalization or the fallacy of converse accident, because contrary to the fallacy of accident, it moves from the particular to the general. For example, “Smith is British, and he is very cold toward other people; therefore all British people are cold.” “The fallacy of secundum quid … consists in using a principle or proposition without regard to the circumstances which modify its applicability in the case or kind of cases before us.” Joseph, An Introduction to Logic ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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