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Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


P hilosophy of science Popper 's term for the rejection or refutation of a scientific hypothesis or theory on the basis of its confrontation with counter-examples. Falsifiability , which is opposed to verifiability, is a property of a theory itself. Falsification, which is opposed to verification, is an empirical method for testing the truth of a theory. Popper claimed that it is impossible to verify a theory, that is, to guarantee its truth, by the inductive method. A theory supported by confirming evidence has not been confirmed, but only corroborated. It is still open to countless chances of falsification. Scientific claims need the test of falsification rather than verification. A theory that is unfalsifiable is unscientific. Science develops through falsification. “Thus, there is no induction: we never argue from facts to theories, unless by way of refutation or falsification.” Popper, The Philosophy of Karl Popper ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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