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Gramsci, Antonio (1891–1937)

Subject Philosophy

People Gramsci, Antonio

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


Italian Marxist political philosopher and theorist of culture, born in Ales. Gramsci offered a less authoritarian and deterministic account of Marxism, in which the hegemony of ruling elites can be preserved when economic conditions for revolution exist by attracting the working class to the moral and cultural values of the elite. Cultural and moral questions and persuasion, rather than economic conditions, therefore become crucial to the possibility of revolutionary success. His main works include Prison Notebooks (1929–35) and Letters from Prison (1965). ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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