Full Text

Chapter Fourteen. National Movements

Stefan Berger


Subject History

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1800-1899

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405113205.2006.00018.x


Extract

The nineteenth century was the classical century of nationalism and of the aspiring nation-state. What follows will seek to shed some light on those social forces behind this most powerful ideology, which, in the primeval loyalties it engenders, can only be compared with religion and with violence. After reviewing some of the major theories and typologies of national movements, the remainder of this chapter will explore the ideas and tropes used by the national movements and investigate their promises of participation and inclusion, as well as their threats of persecution and exclusion. We will analyze the importance of states for the success or failure of national movements and ask how the diverse national stories in Europe were constructed and perpetually reconstructed throughout the nineteenth century. The emergence of mass nationalist movements across Europe was accompanied on the one hand by a significant reduction in the number of European states prior to 1914 and, on the other, by the expansion of Europe into the far corners of the world. Colonialism and imperialism had a major impact on national movements and will have to be discussed in some detail. Up until 1914 the landscape of Europe was still dominated by major multinational empires, such as Russia, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire, and multinational states such as Spain and Britain. We will have to explore the ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top