Full Text


Jeffrey O. Segrave

Subject Sociology of Leisure and Tourism » Sociology of Sport

Key-Topics Olympic Games

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405124331.2007.x


The Olympics comprise both the athletic and cultural dimensions of the modern International Olympic Movement. The brainchild of the widely acknowledged founder of the modern Olympics, Pierre de Coubertin, the modern International Olympic Movement was voted into being on June 23, 1894 at the International Congress in Paris. A total of 79 delegates representing 49 sports associations from 12 countries unanimously voted for the restoration of the Olympic Games and for the creation of a permanent International Olympic Committee (IOC). With unquestionable powers as guide, guardian, and arbiter, the IOC remains the umbrella organization and ultimate authority in the conduct of the games. The first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896 in Athens, and with the exception of the war years (1916, 1940, 1944) and the interim games of 1906, the games have been held quadrennially ever since. The first winter games were held in 1924 in Chamonix. Beginning in 1994, the winter and summer adopted alternating quadrennial calendars. Both summer and winter games have remained ambulatory throughout their history. The fine arts competition, the Pentathlon of the Muses, was first held in conjunction with the 1912 Stockholm games, with awards in architecture, dramatic art, choreography, decoration, literature, music, painting, and sculpture. In 1948 the arts competitions were replaced with cultural festivals, ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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