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Kevin G. Barnhurst and James Owens


Journalism is a constellation of practices that have acquired special status within the larger domain of communication through a long history that separated out news sharing from its origins in →  interpersonal communication. Telling others about events in one's social and physical surroundings is a common everyday activity in human cultures, and news as a →  Genre of such interactions has the primary characteristic of being new to the listener. A main difficulty for sharing intelligence is ascertaining truth, or, put the other way round, distinguishing intelligence from gossip ( Froissart 2002 ; →  Rumor ; Small Talk and Gossip ; Truth and Media Content ). Telling about events, supplying novelty, and, from the process, discerning factual truth are the main rudiments that came to define journalism as a cultural practice. Journalism, however, is a modern-era phenomenon (→  Journalism, History of ), which began its separation from ordinary communication first with correspondence, in the form of newsletters sent out in multiple copies to existing →  social networks (→  Media Content and Social Networks ), a custom available to those with literacy, leisure, and means to write ( Zboray & Saracino Zboray 2006 ). Newsletter authors also required some facility to produce more than one copy and to distribute the result, as well as sufficient social status to make such activity ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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