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Journalism Education

Lee B. Becker


Subject Communication and Media Studies » Communication Studies
Media Production and Content » Journalism

Key-Topics education

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405131995.2008.x


Extract

Journalism education is instruction for work in the news departments of media organizations, both print and electronic. The instruction can take place before journalists enter the workforce, during early employment, and at later career stages. It can involve practical training in the skills of the journalist and broader education about the context of that work (→  Professionalization of Journalism ). The training can cover reporting (information gathering and evaluation), writing (language use and storytelling techniques, including photography and graphics), and editing (including story presentation and integration into the news format) skills. Education about the context of journalism can include topics such as the social setting and impact of news, journalism history and law, and news ethics. Education for entry-level journalism has followed three main traditions, which reflect not only the historical evolution of journalism education, but also the control from, and involvement of, media businesses themselves. The earliest journalists learned their skills on the job , usually beside a journeyman. That tradition has persisted until now, most notably in Great Britain. A tradition usually associated with the US centers on university instruction before entering the workforce. A tradition associated with continental Europe houses journalism instruction in training institutions ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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