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Journalists: Professional Associations

Svennik Høyer


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Joining a professional journalist association usually requires gaining one's main livelihood by working fulltime in the editorial department of a media organization. News gathering may involve documentation, detective work, outright research, or combining findings from existing databases. Other specialists such as photographers, technicians, designers, and the like are central to producing content but are not responsible for the full journalistic text. Furthermore, media work involves observing events and images or fetching information from outside sources, transcribing or transforming the information, and finally editing and framing the information into a preset template (→  Magazine, Visual Design of ; Newspaper ; Photojournalism ). It is difficult to pursue →  Journalism outside editorial departments. Getting hired by a publisher is still one of the main criteria for entering journalism and for being admitted to a professional organization. “Professionalism” is often defined as the mastering of themes, forms, and routines, which regularly occur in journalism. As part of their stylebooks, media companies set the standards for their publications, but unlike medicine, journalism practice does not draw on scientific research for authority. Instead, journalism has depended, for long periods of its history, more on artistic effort than on professional routines (→  Professionalization ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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