Full Text

Emotion

Brant R. Burleson and Jessica J. Rack


Subject Psychology
Communication Reception and Effects » Information Processing and Cognitions

Key-Topics emotion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405131995.2008.x


Extract

Emotion is a core part of human experience and, as such, plays a central role in numerous aspects of human communication. Contemporary communication research examines how emotion influences various communication processes and outcomes, how different aspects of communication influence diverse emotional states, and the multiple ways in which emotional states are expressed during the course of interactions. Definitions of emotion vary widely ( Solomon 2000 ), but there is broad agreement that emotion is a subset of the broader construct “affect,” and should be distinguished from the related construct “mood.” As forms of affect, both emotion and mood are feelings that have some valence (typically on a positive–negative continuum), some level of intensity (mild to strong), and some duration (brief to enduring). Emotions are typically episodic (provoked by a particular circumstance), exhibit a relatively brief duration, and are comparatively intense. Alternatively, moods are typically tonic (more global and diffuse in character), are not usually tied to any particular provoking incident (and thus typically have no obvious cause), often endure for considerable periods of time, and are milder than emotions. Moods are typically background states of which people may be only vaguely aware; moods generally have few direct motivational consequences. When moods influence behavior, they typically ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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