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Foreign Correspondents

Christopher D. Karadjov


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The “classic” foreign correspondent had become an identifiable occupation by the second half of the nineteenth century, supporting an increasing need of European and US newspapers to cover overseas military and civilian developments (→  Journalism, History of ). Ever since, foreign correspondents have been considered an elite among news professionals. The numbers of “classic” foreign correspondents reached a peak worldwide between the 1950s and 1980s, but have been falling since because media organizations have increasingly been using local reporters to provide international news to their audiences (→  International News Reporting ). Competition, financial constraints, and technological advances have democratized the field of international news gathering and the profession of the foreign correspondent. Foreign news has a demonstrable impact on foreign policies and →  public opinion of every country (→  International Communication ; Foreign Policy and the Media ). In one formulation, the press acts as a “strategic center” that transmits facts about foreign policy between political systems ( Cohen 1963 ). Mediated foreign news, particularly television and photo imagery, has shaped public opinion around the world, often bolstering governments’ resolve for action. The so-called “CNN effect” ( Livingston 1997 ) stipulates that global real-time media have exerted a profound influence ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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