Full Text

Information Science

Peter Ingwersen


Extract

Information science (IS) is a multidisciplinary field concerned with “facilitating the effective communication of desired information between human generator and human user” ( Belkin 1978 , 58). IS became established as an academic discipline with the creation of the American Society for Information Science in 1937 (now abbreviated ASIS&T) and the UK Institute of Information Scientists in 1958. Previously, work on scientific and technological →  Information had been called documentation , and had its roots in French and US universities at the beginning of the twentieth century. The foundation for quantitative analyses of scholarly communication (scientometrics, bibliometrics) was laid in studies by pioneers like A. J. Lotka (on scientific productivity and publication ratios, 1926), G. K. Zippf (on rank and frequency of terms in large text corpora, 1932 – later applied to automatic indexing in information retrieval research), and S. C. Bradford (on the distribution of academic articles about a scientific topic across journals, 1934). These pioneering efforts were accelerated by the digital computer. From the 1950s, former laboratory scientists began, as information scientists, to develop, manage, and evaluate systems for the retrieval and use of technical and scientific information, as well as to analyze the impact of information and information technologies (IT) on scientific ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top