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Newspaper Journalism

Donald Matheson


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The newspaper is the oldest and arguably the most important of all media for journalism. More journalists work in newspapers than in any other media. Moreover, dominant ideas of news – as a factual, independent account of the day's principal events, set out in an ordered way for a geographically defined audience – emerged historically along with the business of the →  Newspaper (→  Newspaper, History of ). Newspapers thus provide much of the form or architecture through which journalists and their audiences recognize news ( Barnhurst & Nerone 2001 ), such as the division of journalism into the categories →  news , features , and sports , as well as journalistic ideals, including independence from power and speaking to and for a public. Changes in newspaper journalism are therefore the focus of particular scholarly concern, and some commentators suggest that recent changes signal the end of journalism ( Hardt 1998 ). In countries shaped by liberalism, the ownership of newspapers tends to be in private hands, and journalism experiences the characteristic tension between a dependence upon the marketplace and a jealously guarded freedom from political control which allows newspapers to claim status as the defenders of the public interest (→  Commercialization: Impact on Media Content ; Journalism: Normative Theories ; Political Economy of the Media ). Critics argue that the ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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