Full Text

Austria: Media System

Thomas Steinmaurer


Extract

Austria is a parliamentary democratic federal republic with a population of 8.26 million. The official language is German; regional official languages are Croatian, Slovenian, and Hungarian. The historical development of its media system can be divided into the following phases: the period 1621–1848 under the influence of censorship; the abolishment of censorship in the year of the revolution (1848); and the adoption of freedom of opinion and press freedom in the constitution of 1867, which facilitated the development of a modern press in Austria. The elimination of the parliament in 1933 brought measures to regulate the press again, and Austria's annexation by the Third Reich (1938–1945) led to a phase when the press was controlled by a totalitarian regime. After this there was a time of prosperous development with increasing modernization ( Schmolke 1996 ). The beginnings of broadcasting in Austria date back to 1924, when the Radio-Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft (RAVAG) started its operations. Initially founded as a monopoly with close proximity to the state, RAVAG was easily incorporated into the Third Reich broadcasting company in 1938. After World War II, broadcasting was constituted as a monopoly company under governmental influence in 1957. The public broadcaster Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF), founded later, emanated from this station, and held a monopoly position until ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top