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Subject Religion » Christianity

Key-Topics theology

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405135078.2009.00082.x


adoptionism : the view that at some point in Jesus' life, God “adopted” him as a son (some say baptism, others say the resurrection). agnostics : at a popular level, the term describes people who are not sure whether God exists. More technically, an agnostic is a person who thinks that we can never know the truth about metaphysics. Anabaptists : literally re-baptizers. A nickname used to describe those Christians who emerged in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and taught that infant baptism is wrong and one should only be baptized as a believer. apocalypticism : expectations around the “end of the age.” Apollinarianism : the view that Jesus was not completely human. atheists : people who do not believe in the existence of God. Some atheists are also “secular humanists” (i.e., people who believe that society should be free from religious influences and affirm the importance and value of humanity). atonement : “at-one”-ment; the claim that with the death of Jesus on the cross we are made one with God. There are various atonement theories that seek to explain how the death of Jesus makes a difference. catechism : from a Greek word meaning “to make hear or to instruct”; an outline of Christian doctrine. Chalcedon/Chalcedonian : this refers to an ecumenical Council of the Church which was called in 451 ce to think through the precise relationships of the human and divine natures ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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