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Sara Cho Kim

Subject Psychology

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405161251.2009.x


Pride is commonly defined as a positive emotion that contributes to the development of healthy self-esteem. The behavioral and emotional components of pride are often associated with success, achievement, and group membership. At an extreme level, pride is associated with narcissism, a personality trait, which can negatively affect an individual's ability to interact in social situations. In addition, the lack or loss of pride can contribute to an increase in aggressive, hostile, and destructive attitudes and/or behavior. In experiencing pride, areas of achievement are where pride is most widely cited. Pride encourages prosocial behaviors like achievement and success. The achievement domain can span areas such as performance in an athletic competition, school grades and earning top honors in the military. In addition, pride is intricately involved with the functioning and maintenance of self-esteem. Pride is considered one of the primary emotional components to self-esteem. Based on socialization, pride is involved in a number of interpersonal processes from boosting one's self-esteem to signaling to others that his or her behavior is valuable and an important member of the group. In other words, pride can be interpreted as an evaluation of self-worth and can be highly subjective. Understanding pride involves examining the affiliative and intersubjective components where social ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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