Full Text

Fish, Stanley (1938–)

EVELYNE KEITEL


Subject Literature

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405168908.2010.x


Extract

Literary critic, professor of English and law at Duke University. Originally a Renaissance scholar and New Critic, Fish has become the founding father and one of the leading exponents of American reader-oriented criticism. In the 1960s, during the heyday of S tructuralism , Fish published his Surprised by Sin: The Reader in Paradise Lost ( 1967 ), which today is considered the first book working within the framework of the now surging field of R eader-response criticism . For Fish, the issue “is simply the rigorous and disinterested asking of the question, what does this word, phrase, sentence, paragraph, chapter, novel, play, poem, do?” (1980, pp. 26–7) as opposed to the – more conventional – question, what does a literary T ext mean? Fish's reader-oriented theory is programmatically called “affective stylistics,” because Fish challenges the New Critics’ warning against the A ffective and the I ntentional fallacy by turning it against itself. Whereas the New Critics argue that meaning resides in the formal features of a poem, rather than in the reader's emotion or the author's intention (see N ew Criticism ), Fish holds that both formal features and authorial intention are only ever affected by the conventions the readers bring to bear on the T ext . They do not exist outside the “informed” readers’ experience. The readers’ experience, in turn, is socially constructed: the ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top