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94. Lexical Phonology and the Lexical Syndrome

Ellen M. Kaisse and April McMahon

Subject Theoretical Linguistics » Phonology

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405184236.2011.00096.x


The theory of Lexical Phonology and Morphology (LPM) deals with the place of phonology within the larger grammar. It has much to say about the relation between morphology and phonology, and also provides a model for the integration of phonology with the material provided by syntax and the phrasing derived from syntax. It is also a theory of phonological typology, assigning one set of characteristics to processes that apply only within words (the lexical phonology) and another, complementary set to processes that apply within or between words (the post-lexical phonology). The theory was first developed in the early 1980s by Kiparsky (1982) and his colleagues and students (especially Mohanan 1982, 1986) at MIT. It rapidly attracted a great deal of interest among phonologists because of the new tools it supplied for attacking recalcitrant problems, the set of intriguing questions it allowed a researcher to ask about any phenomenon, and the organic way it grew out of many of the major trends in phonology and morphology that had occupied linguists since the publication of Chomsky and Halle (1968) . LPM was the basis for much of the synchronic and diachronic work, both descriptive and theoretical, that went on in phonology for a decade or more following its birth. Classical LPM was probably also the last model of phonology-morphology interaction to enjoy a wide consensus ( Noyer ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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