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MRTA (Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru)

Robin Stock


The Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru) (MRTA) is a guerrilla movement in Peru. After playing a central role in the internal armed conflict in the 1980s and 1990s, and aiming to overthrow the government in order to establish Marxist-Leninist socialism, today the MRTA is no longer militarily active. The MRTA was founded on March 1, 1982 as a product of the unification of the left-wing parties Movement of the Revolutionary Left (Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria – El Militante) (MIR EL) and the Revolutionary Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Revolucionario – Marxista Leninista) (PSR ML). The name Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement refers to the indigenous leader Túpac Amaru II who led an indigenous uprising against the Spanish forces in Cusco (Peru) in 1780, who himself adopted the name from Túpac Amaru , one of the last Incas to fight against the Spanish conquerors in the mid-sixteenth century. Just two years after democracy was reestablished after a 12-year military government, the MRTA refused to follow the democratic path to obtain its goals. The aims of the group were to take over power in Peru by force in order to fight against imperialism and capitalism and to install a socialist system based on popular power. Following a Marxist-Leninist ideology, the MRTA was inspired by Latin American strategies of guerrilla warfare based ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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