Full Text

Anti-war movement, France, 20th century

Melanie A. Bailey


Anti-war movements in France evolved from the broad internationalist efforts of the first half of the twentieth century to take the form of focused protests against particular kinds of conflicts, such as the “imperialist” war in Indochina or the “dirty” war in Algeria. Although the effect of such activism may be debated, it is clear that their efforts have shaped modern French culture. In the decade before 1914, French socialists and pacifists promoted the formation of institutions that would dispose nations toward diplomacy. By means of newspaper articles, speeches, and rallies, they celebrated the early efforts of the International Court of Arbitration at The Hague; they pressured the French government to empower conflict resolution by funding the court and by fully supporting the work of French delegate Aristide Briand. Internationalists repeatedly averred that their cultivation of pan-European fraternity did not imply that they loved France any less than financiers and businessmen who formed international partnerships. The tension between patriotism and internationalism would be broken in favor of the former. Throughout July 1914, socialist leader Jean Jaurès strived to persuade the French government to declare its neutrality in a Russo-German conflict. War, as he asserted in various articles published in L'Humanité , would be the product of a desire for war on the part of ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top