Full Text

Argentina, indigenous popular protests

Walter Delrio

Subject History
Social Movements » Collective Behaviour

Place South America » Argentina

Period 2000 - present
1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

Key-Topics human rights, indigenous, indigenous rights, revolution

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405184649.2009.00127.x


The situation of indigenous peoples in Argentina has been shaped, on the one hand, by a political history of failure to acknowledge their existence and influence in the nation and, on the other, by the continual expropriation of resources by the state. Although from 3 to 5 percent of Argentina's population acknowledge membership in the 27 indigenous groups within the country, Argentinian society identifies itself almost exclusively with European immigrant descendants. In the 1870s, the Argentine government launched a military expedition, led mainly by General Julio Argentino Roca, to conquer the indigenous people, known as the “Conquest of the Desert.” The military campaign, which defeated indigenous people in the south (the pampas and Patagonia) and the northeast (Chaco), forms an integral narrative of Argentinian national expansion and historical consolidation. The military conquest terminated previous agreements between indigenous people and the Spanish colonizers in Argentina's Andean region. By removing the indigenous people from their lands, the “Conquest of the Desert” shaped a new national identity that excluded indigenous people as an extinct population. Throughout the twentieth century, Argentina has evolved through several forms of governing regime – from democracies and military dictatorships to oligarchies and popular governments – and has remained primarily an exporter ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top