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Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN)

Robert Sierakowski


The Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN), currently a major political party in Nicaragua, has its origins in a guerilla organization founded to combat the Somoza dictatorship which ruled over that country for nearly half a century. The FSLN governed Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, then led the political opposition between 1990 and 2006, at which point it recaptured the presidency. The FSLN was born out of the upturn of revolutionary energy in Nicaragua which followed the success of the 1959 Cuban Revolution . The country had lived for decades under the authoritarian Somoza dynasty, backed by the political, military, and economic might of the United States. Founded by Carlos Fonseca Amador , Silvio Mayorga, and Tomás Borge , the organization that came to be known as the Sandinista National Liberation Front went through several prior incarnations in the early 1960s including the Democratic Nicaraguan Youth (JDN), the Revolutionary Nicaraguan Youth (JRN), the Movement for a New Nicaragua (MNN), and the National Liberation Front (FLN). It was in late 1963 that the first reference to Sandinista appeared in a manifesto. The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), or Sandinistas, were a socialist anti-imperialist political party in Nicaragua that came to power in 1979. The party ruled until 1990 and remained an important force as one ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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