Full Text

Socialisme ou Barbarie

Christos Boukalas


Socialisme ou Barbarie (Socialism or Barbarity) (henceforth S/B) was a libertarian-socialist group active in France between 1949 and 1966. Named after a phrase by German communist Rosa Luxenburg , S/B was founded by Cornelius Castoriadis (aka Paul Cardan) and Claude Lefort. The group made a deep mark in French radical thought and practice via its publications (the reviews Socialisme Ou Barbarie, Tribune Ouviere , and Povoir Ouviere) and the participation of leading left intellectuals, including Guy Debord , Gérard Genette, Pierre Guillaume, and Jean-François Lyotard. It influenced the Situationists through Guy Debord, and Daniel Cohn-Bendit proclaimed that in his interventions during May 1968 he was largely “plagiarizing” S/B views. The group grew out of the French Trotskyite Party (PCI). In 1946 Castoriadis, Lefort, and others established a separate tendency to register disagreement with the PCI's conceptualization of Stalinism. Stalinist regimes were then dominating Russia and Eastern Europe; they were rising in China and Southeast Asia; and controlled Western European “communist parties.” The PCI saw Stalinism as an accidental diversion from socialism, easily rectified through recourse to Marx and Lenin's program. Hence, it defended Stalinist regimes as the “lesser evil” to bourgeois ones. The newly established tendency saw Stalinism as organic to the development ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top