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Student movements, Global South

Samantha M. R. Christiansen

Subject History
Social Movements » Collective Behaviour

Place World

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1800-1899, 1900-1999

Key-Topics democracy, education, revolution, student movements

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405184649.2009.01416.x


There is a long tradition of student movements in the Global South. Student movements in Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East have varied greatly, but have had significant and lasting effects on the political and social landscapes in which they operated. As the earliest educational institutions were formed in the Global South, so too were the earliest student movements. While many nations, such as China in particular, have been the sites of student resistance and agitation dating as far back as the first century, student movements in the modern conception are most clearly present beginning in the late nineteenth century. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries many students in the Global South organized around political issues such as the foreign colonial presence in their homelands and to advocate for independence. In India students at Bombay University organized the Bombay Students' Brotherhood in 1890 around issues of Indian modernity and culture, advocating for reformation of the caste system and for women's rights. The All-Bengal Students' Association organized in Eastern India. Students in Latin America were also active in the early nineteenth century. Successful student movements occurred in Chile, Peru, Mexico, Cuba, Ecuador, and Argentina. Students mobilized around issues of university access and reform, and used tactics such as demonstrations, ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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