Full Text

Sudanese protest under Anglo-Egyptian rule

Fadwa Taha


The Anglo-Egyptian invasion of Sudan in 1896–8 toppled the Mahdist revolution , which had occurred in 1885. The British and the Egyptians consolidated their power through the Condominium Agreement of 1899, which created a theoretical dualism. It named the territory south of the 22nd parallel the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, technically restoring Egypt's control over the region. Even so, it left the British actually in control of the region until after 1924, at which point they took sole charge. Of course, the Sudanese resisted this dual imperialism. The Sudanese nationalist movement was a peaceful struggle for freedom and independence, but it was characterized by factional conflict, which in the 1940s crystallized into a “dualism” that was to dominate Sudanese politics even in the post-independence era. Two opposing nationalist ideas developed. One advocated an independent Sudanese identity and demanded independence for the Sudan from both Egypt and Britain. Its motto was “The Sudan for the Sudanese.” The other nationalist idea advocated unity of the Nile Valley under the Egyptian crown, and a united struggle of both parts of the Nile Valley against the common colonial power, Britain. The Sudanese case, then, contradicted the general rule of the existence of one nationalist idea and the inclusiveness of the nationalist movement's platform of self-government and independence. In the Sudanese ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top