Full Text

Muste, A. J. (1885–1967)

Paul Le Blanc


Extract

Abraham Johannes Muste, more popularly known as A. J. Muste, born on January 8, 1885 in Zierikzee, the Netherlands, was a leading labor organizer and worker educator, socialist, and anti-war activist. Influenced by pacifism in his formative years, Muste later adopted a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary ideology before returning to pacifism at the end of his life. A minister in three Christian denominations, A. J. Muste was occasionally labeled “America's Gandhi” due to his central influence on twentieth-century US social movements and his commitment to non-violent protest. Muste emigrated to the US at age 6 into a Republican family in the strict Calvinist traditions of the Dutch Reformed Church. In 1909 he was ordained a minister in that church, and was class valedictorian at Hope College, where he received a magna cum laude degree from Union Theological Seminary. In 1914, ever more uncomfortable with the Reformed Church, Muste turned to the Congregational Church. At the onset of World War I in Europe, Muste was a committed pacifist, inspired by yet another church, the Society of Friends (Quakers). In 1917, Muste was removed from his position as pastor of the Congregational Church, due to his adamant opposition to World War I. A year later, he took a church post with the Quakers in Providence and began work with the fledgling American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in Boston. Muste was ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top