Full Text

Chimurenga armed struggles

Gwinyai P. Muzorewa


Extract

The term “Chimurenga” means revolution or rebellion which is continuous. Zimbabwe, formerly Southern Rhodesia or just Rhodesia, has seen two Chimurenga. The first occurred between 1896 and 1897. The second commenced in 1970 and ended in 1979. The Chimurenga engaged with here is the first Chimurenga, along with directly connected events which influenced the rising of the Africans in Zimbabwe both before and after the continuous armed resistance of 1896–7. The Shona “state” just prior to 1850 cannot be characterized as a centralized state, though various chiefs gave tribute to the Rozvi-Changamire dynasty. Rather, the Shona may be considered as a society which for the most part is religiously, culturally, economically, socially, linguistically, and historically homogeneous. Collectively, Shona society also extended into present-day Mozambique, along the Zambezi River to as far south as Sena. While the political aspects of Shona life among the leaders were relatively decentralized, all Shona sought religious guidance in matters including war and peace, as well as issues pertaining to spiritual favor or to bring about rains and other blessings. There were many strong political alliances, as well as rivalries. Prior to 1850 the most influential state was that of the Rozvi-Changamire dynasty, which was militarily, politically, economically, and spiritually the most capable. Most other ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top