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Claramunt Creu, Teresa (1861–1931)

Andrew H. Lee

Subject History
Social Movements » Collective Behaviour

Place Europe » Western Europe
Iberia » Spain

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1800-1899, 1900-1999

Key-Topics bibliography, democracy, revolution, socialism

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405184649.2009.00359.x


A Catalan textile worker and prominent activist in the syndicalist milieu until her old age, Claramunt Creu argued for equality of the sexes and propaganda by the deed, opposing both Catalan nationalism and reformism in the unions. In 1891 her call for women to take charge of their own unions led to the Barcelona Women Workers' Organization (Agrupación de Trabajadoras de Barcelona), which specifically excluded men. Deported after the 1896 Cambios Nuevos bombing, she lived in France and England but returned in 1898 and campaigned for other Cambios Nuevos prisoners, forming an anarchist women's group in 1900. In 1901 Claramunt Creu was a founder of the important anarchist newspaper El Productor (The Producer) and then an important figure in the 1902 general strike in Catalonia. In 1909, as a result of the Tragic Week, Claramunt Creu was deported to Huesca, but continued to be active. She had an important influence on the members of the Solidarios action group. Increasing paralysis reduced Claramunt's ability to be physically active after her return to Barcelona in 1924, but it did not affect her intellectual influence. She died in Barcelona, surrounded by friends and admirers. SEE ALSO: Anarchism and Gender ; Anarchism, Spain ; Barcelona General Strike, 1919 ; Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) ( 2001 ) Claramunt Creu, Teresa . In Esbozo de una enciclopedia histórica ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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