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Abalone Alliance

Laurence Davis

Subject History
Social Movements » Collective Behaviour

Place Northern America » United States of America

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

Key-Topics anarchism, ecology, resistance, revolution

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405184649.2009.00008.x


Along with the Clamshell Alliance, the Abalone Alliance was one of the pioneering organizations of the non-violent direct action movement in the United States in the 1970s and 1980s. Established in 1977 to stop the operation of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company's Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant in California, the Abalone Alliance exercised a profound influence on the protest politics of its time, primarily by means of its successful example of anarchist-inspired prefigurative Utopian politics. By the time it disbanded in 1985, the Abalone Alliance had drawn thousands of people into the movement against nuclear power and alerted a wider public to its dangers, trained a generation of activists in consensus decision making procedures and mass civil disobedience, spawned affinity based organizational networks that served as a basis for future movements, and demonstrated the revolutionary potentials of anarchafeminism, non-violent direct action, and vision-oriented community building. While the ideological roots of the Abalone Alliance lie deep in the American counterculture, the immediate spur for its formation was the PG&E's construction of a nuclear power plant near the town of San Luis Obispo on the central Californian coast. The site chosen for the plant was one of the two remaining wilderness areas in the state, had some of the largest and oldest oak trees on the West ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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