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Anarchism, Sweden

Gabriel Kuhn


A defining moment for the anarchist movement in Sweden was a 1908 split within the Socialdemokratiska Arbetarparti, the country's social democratic party. When Hinke Bergegren (1861–1936), widely regarded as Sweden's most influential early anarchist (he later turned to Bolshevism), and other radicals were excluded, most members of the party's original youth organization, Ungsocialisterna (Young Socialists), distanced themselves from the social democratic leadership and formed Ungsocialistiska Partiet (Young Socialist Party), an anti-parliamentarian organization with strong anarchist leanings. In 1910 followed the foundation of the predominantly anarchosyndicalist workers' federation Sveriges Arbetares Centralorganisation (Central Organization of Sweden's Workers) (SAC). Among the organization's earliest supporters was German anarchosyndicalist Augustin Souchy (1892–1984), who lived in Swedish exile during World War I. In the 1920s SAC counted almost 40,000 members. Meanwhile, the famed Sweden-born International Workers of the World (IWW) agitator and songwriter Joe Hill (born Joel Emmanuel Hägglund, 1879) was executed in the US in 1915. The radicalization of broad segments of the workers' movement also had significant influence on the workers' journal Brand , founded with a relatively broad ideological outlook in 1898. In the 1910s it began to turn into a more explicitly anarchist ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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