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Julião, Francisco (1915–1999)

Henrique Tahan Novaes


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A lawyer, deputy, novelist, and socialist influenced by the Catholic Church's left wing, Francisco Julião was leader of the Farmers' Leagues in the northeast of Brazil and a federal deputy for the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB). Julião revealed the correlation that existed between large landed property, the monoculture of sugar cane, and the proliferation of poverty in the northeast. His theory of social revolution revolved heavily around biblical and Christian principles, “according to which the land should belong to those who work on it, with their own hands and their own sweat, and not the sweat of others” ( Julião 1962 : 22). He believed that the real battle was that between peasants and property owners, and he thus supported radical agrarian reform. His theory, however, suffered the impact of the 1959 Cuban Revolution and the anti-communist hysteria that followed in the United States and other western countries. He was exiled after the military coup in 1964. SEE ALSO: Latin America, Catholic Church and Liberation, 16th Century to Present ( 1982 ) As Ligas Camponesas . Sao Paulo : Paz e Terra . ( 1951/2005 ) Cachaça . Recife : UFPE . ( 1961 ) Irmão Juazeiro . Säo Paulo : Editora Francisco Alves . ( 1962 ) Que são as Ligas Camponesas ? Rio de Janeiro : Civilização Brasileira . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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