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Anti-fascist People's Front

Slobodan Karamanić

Subject History
Social Movements » Collective Behaviour

Place Europe » Southern Europe

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

People Tito, Josip Broz

Key-Topics communism, fascism, guerilla war, resistance, revolution

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405184649.2009.00093.x


The Anti-fascist People's Front was an alliance of plural and heterogeneous political and social forces – parties, organizations, unions, and factions – united in opposition to 1930s fascism in response to the victory of the Nazis in Germany. The popular front unified former “class adversaries” among communist and bourgeois parties against a common fascist enemy. By the end of the 1920s fascist politics and ideologies were growing rapidly and almost all European countries had their own genuine fascist party or movement. As the examples of Italy and Germany have shown, the fascist politics that gained absolute power in these countries was destructive to both liberal democracy and workers' movements. The absence of political resistance to the expansion of fascism resided not only in the weaknesses, ignorance, or frequently opportunism of the European liberal democrats, but also in the splits within the international left, divided between various communist and non-communist factions. The idea of an Anti-fascist People's Front was proposed in the Comintern in 1934 by the Bulgarian communist Georgi Dimitrov in his “Report to the 7th World Congress of the Communist International,” which called for an urgent unification of all “progressive forces” under broad anti-fascist popular fronts. Dimitrov affirmed that communist parties should engage in flexible and situation-oriented policies ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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