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Vázquez, Genaro (1931–1972)

Vittorio Sergi

Subject History
Social Movements » Collective Behaviour

Place Central America » Mexico

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

Key-Topics bibliography, guerilla war, labor unions, revolution

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405184649.2009.01524.x


Genaro Vázquez Rojas was born in San Luis Acatlán, Guerrero, Mexico on June 10, 1931. He was a teacher, political organizer, and trade unionist belonging to dissident organizations in Guerrero. After intense repression against the popular movement, he went underground and formed an armed guerilla group. He died in a car accident during an undercover operation in Morelia, Michoacán, on February 2, 1972. Vázquez, as well as the other guerilla leader from Guerrero, Lucio Cabañas , had been a popular teacher who had studied in the rural college of Ayotzinapa in the town of Tixtla. In the summer of 1960, he led the opposition to the government of General Caballero Aburto through the Civic Association of Guerrero (ACG) and the Independent Farmers' Coordination (CCI), both political and unionist organizations that claimed independence from the ruling party's political line. Vázquez became vice-president and an important leader of the movement. The main contrast was established with the oligarchy of landlords, military, and political bosses who ruled the region with repression. On December 2, 1962, the ACG presented its candidates for the state and municipal elections. The result was an open fraud against them and the ruling Revolutionary Institutional Party (PRI) candidate won. The ACG reacted with the occupation of several municipalities and a blockade (paro civico) of the capital ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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