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Magón, Ricardo Flores (1874–1922) and the Magonistas

Jens Kastner


Magonism designates a social movement as well as a certain school of libertarian theory, named after the Mexican anarchist Ricardo Flores Magón. The organizational core of Magonism was the Partido Liberal de México (Liberal Party of Mexico, PLM), founded in the US on September 5, 1905 in St. Louis, Missouri. Although the Magonists took their public discourse from liberalism, the group embraced an anarchist political philosophy and strategy. The Magonists were one of the most influential radical currents during the Mexican Revolution (1910–21). Ricardo Flores Magón was born in San Antonio Eloxochitlán on September 16, 1874 in Oaxaca, Mexico. If the area from which he came was not the center of his activities, it nonetheless played a role in forming his thoughts and actions. The democratic, non-hierarchic organizational forms of political and everyday life in Oaxaca's indigenous communities exerted an enormous influence on Magón's ideas and philosophy. Moreover, his work and political activism were influenced by the works of the nineteenth-century anarchists Pierre-Joseph Proudhon , Peter Kropotkin , and Mikhail Bakunin as well as by anarchist contemporaries such as Errico Malatesta , Florencio Bazora, Emma Goldman , and Elisée Reclus . These anarchist influences were crucial for the transformation of Magón's political thinking from radical reformism into revolutionary anarchism. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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