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Iasi (Jassy), Synod of (1642)


Subject Religion

Key-Topics orthodoxy, theology

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405185394.2011.x


The Synod of Iasi (also referred to as the Council of Jassy) was convened by Prince Vasile Lupu of Moldavia and was held from September 15 to October 27, 1642. The purpose of the synod was to counter certain Catholic and Protestant doctrinal errors which had infiltrated Orthodox theology and to offer a comprehensive Orthodox statement on the truth of faith. At the time, the Confession of Faith , attributed to the Ecumenical Patriarch Cyril Lukaris, was circulating in Europe. It deviated sharply from the Orthodox faith. Peter Moghila (1596–1646), the metropolitan of Kiev, wrote Expositio fidei ( Statement of Faith , known also as the Orthodox Confession ), a description of Christian Orthodoxy in a question and answer format. This treatise had already been approved by a synod held in Kiev, yet two doctrinal issues it mentioned, considered to be of Western Catholic origin, had not been agreed upon, namely the existence of Purgatory and the moment of the transformation of the gifts of bread and wine into the Lord's body and blood. Accordingly, Moghila's Expositio fidei was reviewed and amended at the Synod of Iasi by Orthodox scholars of theology and the synod of bishops. It became the most authoritative statement on Orthodox doctrine for centuries afterwards. After its revision by the synod the text was translated into Greek by the theologian Meletios Syrigos. The Expositio ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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