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Marshall Plan

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Scheme proposed in June 1947 by General George C. Marshall, US secretary of state, to finance European reconstruction and to reduce the appeal of communism as cold war tensions deepened. Known also as the European Recovery Program and framed in the spirit of the truman doctrine , such American funding was agreed by Congress as a means of containing the growing influence of the soviet union . “Marshall Aid” was offered initially throughout Europe, but on conditions that stalin rejected as a form of capitalism deeply at odds with the kind of economies that he was seeking to develop across the continent's eastern regions. As was always likely, the assistance became concentrated on western Europe, with the UK, France, Italy, and the Federal Republic of Germany emerging as the biggest recipients. It was administered through the new oecd (see, under its later title, organization for economic co-operation and development ), and amounted to some $13.5 billion over the period 1948–51. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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