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Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


This major Baltic ice-free port and its surrounding region (together known as Memelland) formed the northernmost portion of Prussian-German territory until 1919. The versailles treaty then made Memel a “free city,” and placed the whole area under French administration operated on behalf of the Allied victors from world war i . In 1923 Memelland was occupied by guerrillas from Lithuania (see baltic states ), and during the following year the league of nations accepted their annexation of it. Under pressure from hitler , it was ceded back to Germany in March 1939. At the end of world war ii the region was incorporated into the soviet union , and the previously dominant population of Germans was replaced by Lithuanian and Russian incomers. In 1990 control of the whole area (today called Klaipeda, with a population of some 180,000) reverted to a restored Lithuania. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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