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Mickiewicz, Adam (1798–1855)

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DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


leading literary representative of nationalism in nineteenth-century poland . Mickiewicz's early involvement with student secret societies in Wilno led him to be deported to Russia in 1824. Five years later he was allowed to leave for western Europe, where he was soon pursuing his literary career chiefly in Paris, amidst the community of his compatriots exiled there after the anti-tsarist rising of 1830 (see revolutions of 1830–2). In 1834 he published a poetical epic entitled Pan Tadeusz which evoked life in Lithuania on the eve of napoleon i's invasion of Russia. It was this product of romanticism that won him renown as “the national poet,” even though he never returned to Poland itself. During the revolutions of 1848–9 he failed in his attempt to raise a Polish legion to assist the cause of italian unification . He died in Constantinople while trying to assemble a similar patriotic contingent to fight against Russia in the crimean war . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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