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Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


After the formal ending of the habsburg -dominated holy roman empire in 1806, this German word for “central Europe” became increasingly current in debates about the future of that whole ill-defined region. It featured, for example, within the rhetoric that list used in the 1830s and 1840s to promote stronger economic cooperation between all the German-speaking states. Particularly after the creation of the german empire under Prussian leadership in 1871 (see german unification ), the term also became associated with ambitions for a still wider sphere of influence or control over the destinies of central Europe at large. Early in World War I this was evident in the 1914 “September program” of German annexationist aims associated with beth-mann hollweg , and dominance over Mitteleuropa was later a fundamental feature of hitler's thinking on lebensraum and the so-called new order . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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