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DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Latinized label for the part of the balkans locally known in Serbo-Croat as Crna Gora, which lies on the Adriatic coastline between croatia and albania . During the earlier nineteenth century Montenegro was already effectively an independent principality within the Turkish Ottoman empire (see turkey and europe ), even before the berlin congress of 1878 gave international recognition to its full sovereignty and enlarged its territory. In 1910 its ruler, Nicholas I, proclaimed the country's promotion to the rank of kingdom. Having made further territorial gains from the balkan wars of 1912–13, it then supported serbia in world war i . In 1918 an assembly at Podgorica voted to end the monarchy and enter a union with the Serbs (see also paris peace settlement ). This meant that by the early 1920s the Montenegrins were part of an even larger southern Slav state that soon became known as yugoslavia . In world war ii they conducted a spirited guerrilla campaign against the invasion launched by the axis powers. When tito established communist rule across Yugoslavia in 1945, a measure of distinctiveness was preserved for Montenegro by granting it the status of a republic within the overall federative structure (see federalism [1]). After this dissolved amidst the civil war of the early 1990s, Montenegro became one of the two republics constituting a much reduced version ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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