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Montreux Convention

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Agreement (signed July 20, 1936) abolishing the International Straits Commission, and placing the sea route through the dardanelles and bosphorus under Turkey's military jurisdiction (see turkey and europe ; straits question ). The Turks had become fearful lest, in the light of the italo-ethiopian war , mussolini's territorial ambitions might expand into Asia Minor. Thus they requested an international conference so as to revise the 1923 lausanne treaty and permit them to remilitarize this vital waterway. The subsequent Convention was signed by the states bordering the Black Sea and by Britain, France, Greece, and Yugoslavia. It included a further revision of Lausanne, regulating the tonnage of warships travelling through the Straits in peacetime. Though the agreement remains in force, it was constantly challenged by the soviet union during the cold war and has undergone a number of modifications. In the 2008 South Ossetia War, when the Russian Federation backed the republics of Ossetia and Abkhazia against Georgia, Moscow called for strict observance of the Convention. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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