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Moroccan crises


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


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(1905 and 1911). In 1905 the German emperor william ii attempted to undermine the entente cordiale and stymie French colonial expansion by visiting Tangier, where he claimed to be recognizing an independent nation. The resulting international tension was resolved by the Algeciras Conference of January 1906, which confirmed French and Spanish predominance in the area and snubbed the German diplomacy. This did not stop the Kaiser from further provocation. In 1911 disorder in Moroccan cities prompted the French to send troops to the area on the pretext that they were protecting European lives and the security of the sultan, whereas their real purpose was to establish a protectorate. This was the cue for Germany to dispatch the gunboat Panther to Agadir, thus sparking off the second Moroccan crisis. The vessel would only withdraw if France conceded a large part of its possessions in the Congo to Berlin. Faced with this provocation, the European alliance systems came into play. Whereas Britain remained firm behind France, Austria-Hungary failed to offer support to Berlin, its partner in the alliance of 1879. Though Germany did eventually receive a fraction of the Congo, France achieved its protectorate over Morocco, recognized in 1912. That same year, Anglo-French naval agreements were concluded, lending a military dimension to the Entente. The Moroccan crises thus exacerbated ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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