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Munich agreement

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


This attempt to resolve international crisis over the sudetenland emerged from a conference attended on September 29, 1938 by hitler , mussolini , daladier , and Neville Chamberlain. Since the anschluss , Hitler had been stating his claims on the German-speaking parts of czechoslovakia in ever more violent language. Chamberlain flew to Germany twice in September to defuse the situation, but could not stop the Nazi leader making a speech on the 26th which also demanded the transfer of further Czech territories to hungary and poland . As the Royal Navy mobilized and the German army was placed on alert, Mussolini proposed a four-power conference, duly held at Munich. US representation was restricted to a message from Roosevelt, while no invitation was extended to stalin . Nor were the Czechs consulted. Instead they were effectively presented with a diktat: Hitler's regime would take over all the German-speaking Sudetenland in the first part of October, and other territorial concessions must be made to Hungary and Poland. The future borders of Czechoslovakia would be finalized by an international commission – a provision never honored. Chamberlain and Hitler also agreed that, in the event of future disputes, they would meet to resolve the issues peacefully. At the time, the Munich accord was greeted with enormous public relief in Britain and France. Subsequently this high ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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